ABCs of Viral Hepatitis

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Viral hepatitis is the term that describes an inflammation of the liver caused by a virus. There are actually five types of hepatitis viruses; each bears the name of a letter of the alphabet: A, B, C, D and E.

The most common types of viral hepatitis are A, B, and C. These three viruses affect millions of people worldwide, causing both short-term disease and long-term liver disease. The World Health Organization estimates that 325 million people worldwide are living with chronic hepatitis B or chronic hepatitis C. In 2015, [1.459.500] death of viral hepatitis almost as much as the number of deaths due to tuberculosis. and HIV combined. <img class="alignright wp-image-10689" src="" alt=" Know the ABC of Viral Hepatitis More than 4 million people in the United States live with viral hepatitis. Most do not know it! A: Hepatitis A can be prevented with a safe and effective vaccine. B: Many people have been infected with hepatitis B before the vaccine is widely available. C: Treatments are available to cure hepatitis C. Do risk assessment online CDC to see if you should be vaccinated or tested for viral hepatitis: https: //www.cdc .gov / hepatitis / riskassessment / "width =" 350 "height =" 405 "/>

Hepatitis B and hepatitis C are the most common types of viral hepatitis in the United States and can cause serious health problems, including liver failure and liver cancer . In the United States, it is estimated that [3.5] million people live with hepatitis C in the United States and about 850,000 live with hepatitis B . Unfortunately, new cases and deaths of liver cancer are increasing in the United States. It is believed that this increase is related to infection by hepatitis B or hepatitis C.

Many people do not know that they have been infected with hepatitis B and hepatitis C, because a lot of people do not have symptoms or do not feel ill. CDC has developed an online risk assessment for hepatitis to help you determine if you should be screened or be vaccinated against viral hepatitis. The assessment only takes five minutes and will provide personalized testing and vaccination recommendations for hepatitis A, hepatitis B and hepatitis C.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is a short-term illness caused by infection with the hepatitis A virus. Hepatitis A is usually transmitted when a person ingests the virus in contact with objects, food or drinks contaminated by solid waste from an infected person. Hepatitis A was once very common in the United States, but it is now estimated that fewer than 3,000 cases occur each year. Hepatitis A does not cause liver cancer and most infected people recover over time without lasting effects. However, the disease can be fatal for people in poor health or suffering from certain medical conditions.

Hepatitis A is easily prevented through a safe and effective vaccine, which would have caused the dramatic decline in new cases in recent years. The vaccine is recommended for all children at the age of one year and for adults at risk including those traveling to certain international countries.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a liver disease that results from an infection with the hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis B is common in many parts of the world, including Asia, the Pacific Islands and Africa. Like hepatitis A, hepatitis B is also preventable with a vaccine. The hepatitis B virus can be transmitted from an infected woman to her baby at birth, if her baby does not receive the vaccine against hepatitis B. Therefore, the vaccine against the 39 Hepatitis B is recommended for all infants at birth.

Unfortunately, many people were infected with hepatitis B before the vaccine was widely available. That's why the CDC recommends that anyone born in areas where hepatitis B is common or whose parents are born in those areas will be screened for hepatitis B. Treatments may delay or reduce the risk of developing liver cancer.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a liver disease that results from an infection with the hepatitis C virus. For reasons that are not fully understood, people born between 1945 and 1965 are five times more likely to have hepatitis C than other age groups . In the past, hepatitis C was transmitted through blood transfusions and organ transplants. However, widespread screening of the blood supply in the United States began in 1990. The hepatitis C virus was virtually eliminated from the blood supply in 1992. Today Most people contract Hep C by sharing needles, syringes, or other equipment. inject drugs. In fact, rates of new infections have increased since 2010 among young people who inject drugs.

There is currently no vaccine to prevent hepatitis C. Fortunately, new treatments offer a cure to most people. Once diagnosed, most people with hepatitis C can be cured in just 8 to 12 weeks, reducing their risk of liver cancer.

Find out if you should be tested for viral hepatitis by taking the online questionnaire Assessing the Risk of Hepatitis .

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